Section 10 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, deals with Judicial Separation.
- Either party to a marriage, whether solemnized before or after the commencement of this Act, may present a petition to the district court praying for a decree for judicial separation on the ground that the other party-
- has deserted the petitioner for a continuous period of not less than two years immediately preceding the presentation of the petition; or
- has treated the petitioner with such cruelty as to cause a reasonable apprehension in the mind of the petitioner that it will be harmful or injurious for the petitioner to live with the other party; or
- has, for a period of not less than one year immediately preceding the presentation of the petition, been suffering from a virulent form of leprosy; or
- has, immediately before the presentation of the petition, been suffering from venereal disease in a communicable form, the disease not having been contracted from the petitioner; or
- has been continuously of unsound mind for a period of not less than two years immediately preceding the presentation of the petition; or
- has, after the solemnization of the marriage, had sexual intercourse with any person other than his or her spouse.
CHRISTIANS Under Section 22of the Indian Divorce Act, 1869.